Taiwan Joint Commission on Hospital Accreditation

Childbirth Accident Reporting System


Childbirth Accident Reporting System

        In order to maintain safe birth during labor, the “Childbirth Accident Emergency Relief Act” was developed in December 2015. The act stipulates childbirth accident payment, reporting system, investigation, analysis, and public sharing for learning experience. It is mandatory by law that Taiwanese healthcare organizations and midwifery institutions should establish a Risk Control and Reporting Mechanism within the institution in order to prevent and reduce the risk of childbirth accidents. In times of Serious Childbirth Accident, the healthcare organization should conduct root cause analysis, propose improvement plans, and collaborate with the central government in accident reporting and investigation.  

        In 2020, the “Six Common Risks and its Management” were developed to assist healthcare professionals in understanding the importance of timely risk detection and prevention during childbirth. The six commons risks in childbirth include:  

  1. Gestational hypertension/preeclampsia  
  2. Fetal distress  
  3. Placenta accreta/Placenta previa  
  4. Early placental abruption  
  5. Postpartum hemorrhage  
  6. Amniotic fluid/embolism/Venous embolism  

        On the basis of the four domains of the maternal safety bundles published by the American Alliance for Innovation on Maternal Health (AIM): Readiness, Recognition and Prevention, Emergency Response, and Reporting/Systems Learning, JCT, with the help domestic experts and scholars, developed childbirth safety bundles of the six major risks for local hospitals and clinics.  

Activities organized to Promote Childbirth Incident Reporting System  

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